Everything You Need to Know About Red Eye Disease Currently Spreading

The Ministry of Health is urging Kenyans, particularly those in the Coastal region, to be vigilant about the recent outbreak of red eye disease. Cases have been reported in counties including Mombasa, Malindi, Kisii and Lamu.

Acting Health DG Patrick Amoth in a statement on Wednesday said one case had been reported in Kisii county and three in Nairobi.

“The Ministry of Health wishes to report an outbreak of ab eye disease presenting with red watery eyes in the Coastal region. This disease is most likely due to epidemic serotype, which spreads very fast but rarely does it cause long-term complications to the eye,” Amoth said.

“It is usually self-limiting and therefore needs not to cause any alarm.”

“The disease is spread by touching the eyes of infected persons or contaminated surfaces then touching your eyes,” the DG warned.

  1. Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye):
    • Symptoms: Redness, itching, tearing, and a discharge from one or both eyes.
    • Causes: Viruses, bacteria, allergens, or irritants can lead to conjunctivitis.
    • Prevention: Practice good hygiene, avoid touching the eyes with unwashed hands, and avoid sharing personal items.
  2. Subconjunctival Hemorrhage:
    • Symptoms: Bright red patch on the white part of the eye without discharge or pain.
    • Causes: Bursting of small blood vessels due to straining, sneezing, coughing, or eye injury.
    • Prevention: Minimize eye strain, protect eyes from injury, and maintain overall health.
  3. Dry Eyes:
    • Symptoms: Redness, irritation, burning, and a feeling of dryness.
    • Causes: Insufficient tear production or rapid evaporation of tears.
    • Prevention: Use artificial tears, blink frequently, and avoid environmental factors that contribute to dry eyes.
  4. Allergic Reactions:
    • Symptoms: Red, itchy, and watery eyes.
    • Causes: Exposure to allergens such as pollen, dust, or pet dander.
    • Prevention: Avoid allergens, use antihistamine eye drops, and keep the environment clean.

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